Distributed waste-to-energy systems offer the potential to locally harvest waste and biomass energy sources for commercial or industrial use. Innoveering and our partners are developing a robust catalytic gasifier that takes waste or biomass input and converts it to syngas for fuel cell or combustion engine power generation. The continuous feed tubular reactor and novel feed system achieve significant energy density advantages over existing batch solutions.
As conventional hydrocarbon fuel feedstock becomes less abundant and more expensive, fuel sources and products are becoming more diversified. Modern combustion systems will be challenged to efficiently burn a variety of fuels, spanning gaseous, liquid, and solid, with differing heating values. Our experience in combustion spans the range of fuel options from clean burning, and highly reactive hydrogen gas, to low heating value solid and liquid biofuels, and most options in between.
Reduced Green House Gas Emissions:
In 2013, New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for Green House Gas (GHG) emissions were re-proposed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These Standards are just one indication of GHG emission reduction changes to come. Innoveering is assessing Ammonia Borane (AB) as an energy dense and safe hydrogen storage medium that can readily produce hydrogen gas as an additive to Natural Gas (NG) and potentially provide up to a 40% reduction in CO2 and 30% reduction in NO gas emissions.
Innoveering is under contract to assess the feasibility of utilizing ammonia borane (AB) as an additive to natural gas fuel stream to potentially provide up to a 20-40% reduction in CO2 and 30% reduction in NO gas emissions. Proof of concept demonstrations are planned to prove outparts of the concept, with close collaboration with NYS energy and distributed power generation companies. Our Chief Scientist, Dr. Wallace Chinitz, is spear-heading this exciting program.
Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells have compelling characteristics for portable, remote, and unattended power sources. Innoveering has developed tailored mass transfer media (TM2) or engineered silicon structures with tailored surface wetting characteristics to enable controlled water removal from low temperature PEM fuel cells. These structures have been shown to significantly increase the performance of ambient air-breathing PEMFC’s for portable, remote or unattended power sources.
Storable liquid fuels are most desirable for future fuel cell applications to portable and remote power needs. Innoveering is teamed with City College of New York (CCNY) to develop a micro catalytic methanol reactor for generating hydrogen rich fuels for micro fuel cell use. Methanol is a liquid fuel that can be derived from a variety of sources, including methane, coal, or renewable resources. As a liquid, it is easier to transport than gaseous fuels, and has a high energy density (20 MJ/kg).
Energy storage for micro grids is essential to successfully integrate various intermittent power supplies while providing stable delivery. Innoveering is partnered to develop a Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) system using high temperature superconducting (HTS) materials. SMES offers high power density in a small footprint. Together with traditional storage systems it will deliver the micro-grid stability needed for military and commercial applications.